- Complete or total hysterectomy. This type of hysterectomy removes both the uterus and the cervix. The majority of women undergoing hysterectomy have a complete or total hysterectomy.
- Partial or subtotal hysterectomy; sometimes called supracervical hysterectomy. This type of hysterectomy removes the upper two-thirds of the uterus and leaves the lower third of the uterus, which is called the cervix, intact. Women who have never had an abnormal Pap smear result may be a candidate for this type of hysterectomy. Some believe a partial or subtotal hysterectomy helps to reduce sex related consequences.
- Radical hysterectomy. During a radical hysterectomy, the uterus, the cervix, the upper part of the vagina, and supporting tissues are removed. A radical hysterectomy may be necessary in certain cases of cancer.
When both the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed during a hysterectomy, the hysterectomy will be called hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomyis often, routinely, performed in the United States.
Removal of the ovaries before a woman reaches natural menopause often causes induced or surgical menopause.