Question: What is PMDD?
PMDD, or premenstrual dysphoric disorder, is the most severe form of PMS, or premenstrual syndrome. The diagnostic criteria for PMDD are included in the American Pyschiatric Association's DSM-IV, 4th Edition, published in 1994. In addition to the physical and emotional symptoms required for diagnosis of PMS, at least one of the following criteria must occur during the late-luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.
- Feeling sad, hopeless, or suicidal
- Severe feelings of stress, tension, or anxiety or having panic attacks
- Mood swings that include bouts of crying
- Constant irritability or anger that affects other people
- Loss of interest in usual daily activities and relationships
- Inability to concentrate or focus
- Fatigue or loss of normal energy
- Food cravings or bingeing