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Gynecology Surgery and Procedures 101

6 Common Women's Health Procedures


Updated May 16, 2014

Have you ever been to the gynecologist and been told you need a procedure for further evaluation of a GYN problem? Millions of women each year face the uncertainty of having a gynecological procedure or surgery performed. Learn about these common GYN procedures and surgeries before you need them and you’ll be one step ahead when your gynecologist says you need further evaluation of your problem.

  1. Colposcopy- Colposcopy is a diagnostic tool used for further evaluation of abnormal Pap smears. This procedure provides a non-surgical way for your physician to visualize your cervix. Read more…

  2. Cyrosurgery- Cervical cryosurgery or cryotherapy is a gynecological treatment that freezes a section of the cervix. Cryosurgery destroys abnormal cervical cells that show changes that may lead to cancer. These changes are called precancerous cells. Your gynecologist may use the term cervical dysplasia to describe your condition. Read more…

  3. LEEP Procedure- The loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) is used when there is an indication of abnormal cells on the surface of the cervix. Read more…

  4. Hysteroscopy- Hysteroscopy provides a way for your physician to look inside your uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, telescope-like instrument that is inserted into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. This tool often helps a physician diagnose or treat a uterine problem. Read more…

  5. Pelvic laparoscopy- Laparoscopy is usually performed under general anesthesia; however, it can be performed with other types of anesthesia that permit the patient to remain awake. The typical pelvic laparoscopy involves a small (1/2" to 3/4") incision in the belly button or lower abdomen. Read more…

  6. D&C- Often used to diagnose or treat abnormal uterine bleeding, the D&C is one of the most common GYN operative procedures. Dilation and Curettage also provides important information about whether uterine cancer is present. Read more…

More Women’s Health Surgery and Procedures


Surgery. Healthywomen.gov.http://www.healthywomen.org/healthtopics/preparingforsurgery. Accessed 08/24/09.

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